Areas of Expertise


What is Corruption? Corruption refers to the misuse of power conferred by a public office or private authority, to obtain personal benefit or provide it to a third party, often in exchange for payment or any other form of benefit. This may include practices such as fraud, embezzlement, nepotism, favoritism, influence peddling, collusion, (...)

Money laundering

What is money laundering? Money laundering refers to the process of reintroducing the proceeds of criminal offenses (which include, among others, organized crime activities, abuse of corporate assets, or tax fraud) into the legal economy. It follows three stages: first, the injection of criminal proceeds in the form of cash into the (...)

Anticompetitive Practices

What are anticompetitive practices? Anticompetitive practices are business practices that seek to restrict competition or eliminate competitors in the market. They can take various forms and can be implemented by one or more companies acting in concert. Here are some examples of anticompetitive practices: Price fixing: When companies (...)

Commercial Restriction / Export

What is a commercial restriction? A commercial restriction or export restriction is a measure taken by a government to limit or regulate the export of goods or services from its country. These measures can take various forms, such as export quotas, export duties, export licenses, or export bans. Commercial restrictions are often put in (...)

Personal Data Protection

What is personal data protection? Personal data protection aims to protect information that can be used to identify a person. This can include information such as name, address, phone number, email address, social security number, passport number, credit card number, personal preferences, medical history, professional history, and more. (...)

Product quality

ISO 9001 is an international standard that establishes requirements for quality management systems (QMS) in businesses. The ISO 9001 standard for product quality is applicable to any company, regardless of its size, industry, or country of origin. The main objective of the ISO 9001 standard is to ensure that businesses have an effective (...)